Herniated disc surgery is a viable option when conservative treatments fail to provide relief or when neurological symptoms become a concern. In this article, we’ll delve into the different types of herniated disc surgery and the benefits of each.
- Discectomy: This is the most common surgical procedure for herniated discs. During a discectomy, the surgeon removes the herniated portion of the disc, relieving pressure precio operacion hernia discal on the affected nerve. This can be done through an open or minimally invasive approach.
- Microdiscectomy: Microdiscectomy is a minimally invasive procedure that uses small incisions and specialized instruments to remove the herniated disc material. This approach typically results in less tissue damage and a quicker recovery compared to traditional open surgery.
- Laminectomy: A laminectomy involves removing a small portion of the vertebral bone, known as the lamina, to access the herniated disc. This approach is often used when there is significant pressure on the spinal cord and nerves, and it provides more space for the surgeon to work.
- Artificial Disc Replacement: In some cases, rather than removing the damaged disc, an artificial disc can be inserted to maintain the spine’s natural movement and function.
- Spinal Fusion: Spinal fusion may be recommended if there is significant instability in the spine after a discectomy. This procedure fuses two or more vertebrae together using bone grafts or synthetic materials.
The choice of surgery depends on various factors, including the location and severity of the herniation, the patient’s overall health, and the surgeon’s expertise. It’s essential to discuss these options with your healthcare provider to determine the most suitable approach for your condition.